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From 65bf8f2ce6758e7cf4b210bacecf7c9f76ad3028 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Super Mario <anishreddyvundela@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 14 Oct 2020 19:13:06 +0000
Subject: [PATCH] Added support for XF86 keys

---
 config.def.h |  41 +++++++++---
 config.mk    |   2 +-
 drw.c        |  26 ++++----
 drw.h        |   9 ++-
 dwm.1        |  33 ++++++++++
 dwm.c        | 177 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 6 files changed, 246 insertions(+), 42 deletions(-)

diff --git a/config.def.h b/config.def.h
index 1c0b587..10e9a0d 100644
--- a/config.def.h
+++ b/config.def.h
@@ -1,25 +1,34 @@
 /* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */
+#include <X11/XF86keysym.h>
 
 /* appearance */
 static const unsigned int borderpx  = 1;        /* border pixel of windows */
+static const unsigned int gappx     = 5;        /* gaps between windows */
 static const unsigned int snap      = 32;       /* snap pixel */
 static const int showbar            = 1;        /* 0 means no bar */
 static const int topbar             = 1;        /* 0 means bottom bar */
-static const char *fonts[]          = { "monospace:size=10" };
-static const char dmenufont[]       = "monospace:size=10";
-static const char col_gray1[]       = "#222222";
-static const char col_gray2[]       = "#444444";
-static const char col_gray3[]       = "#bbbbbb";
-static const char col_gray4[]       = "#eeeeee";
-static const char col_cyan[]        = "#005577";
+static const char *fonts[]          = { "Mononoki Nerd Font:size=10", "Symbola:size=8" };
+static const char dmenufont[]       = "Mononoki Nerd Font:size=10";
+static const char col_gray1[]       = "#282a36";
+static const char col_gray2[]       = "#282a36";
+static const char col_gray3[]       = "#f8f8f2";
+static const char col_gray4[]       = "#000000";
+static const char col_cyan[]        = "#ff79c6";
+static const unsigned int baralpha = 0xd0;
+static const unsigned int borderalpha = OPAQUE;
 static const char *colors[][3]      = {
 	/*               fg         bg         border   */
 	[SchemeNorm] = { col_gray3, col_gray1, col_gray2 },
 	[SchemeSel]  = { col_gray4, col_cyan,  col_cyan  },
 };
+static const unsigned int alphas[][3]      = {
+	/*               fg      bg        border     */
+	[SchemeNorm] = { OPAQUE, baralpha, borderalpha },
+	[SchemeSel]  = { OPAQUE, baralpha, borderalpha },
+};
 
 /* tagging */
-static const char *tags[] = { "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9" };
+static const char *tags[] = { "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" };
 
 static const Rule rules[] = {
 	/* xprop(1):
@@ -32,7 +41,7 @@ static const Rule rules[] = {
 };
 
 /* layout(s) */
-static const float mfact     = 0.55; /* factor of master area size [0.05..0.95] */
+static const float mfact     = 0.50; /* factor of master area size [0.05..0.95] */
 static const int nmaster     = 1;    /* number of clients in master area */
 static const int resizehints = 1;    /* 1 means respect size hints in tiled resizals */
 
@@ -44,7 +53,7 @@ static const Layout layouts[] = {
 };
 
 /* key definitions */
-#define MODKEY Mod1Mask
+#define MODKEY Mod4Mask
 #define TAGKEYS(KEY,TAG) \
 	{ MODKEY,                       KEY,      view,           {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
 	{ MODKEY|ControlMask,           KEY,      toggleview,     {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
@@ -58,6 +67,10 @@ static const Layout layouts[] = {
 static char dmenumon[2] = "0"; /* component of dmenucmd, manipulated in spawn() */
 static const char *dmenucmd[] = { "dmenu_run", "-m", dmenumon, "-fn", dmenufont, "-nb", col_gray1, "-nf", col_gray3, "-sb", col_cyan, "-sf", col_gray4, NULL };
 static const char *termcmd[]  = { "st", NULL };
+static const char *emacscmd[] = { "emacs", NULL };
+static const char *upvolcmd[] = { "amixer", "set", "Master", "5%+", NULL };
+static const char *downvolcmd[] = { "amixer", "set", "Master", "5%-", NULL };
+static const char *mutevolcmd[] = { "amixer", "set", "Master", "toggle", NULL };
 
 static Key keys[] = {
 	/* modifier                     key        function        argument */
@@ -84,6 +97,9 @@ static Key keys[] = {
 	{ MODKEY,                       XK_period, focusmon,       {.i = +1 } },
 	{ MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_comma,  tagmon,         {.i = -1 } },
 	{ MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_period, tagmon,         {.i = +1 } },
+	{ MODKEY,                       XK_minus,  setgaps,        {.i = -1 } },
+	{ MODKEY,                       XK_equal,  setgaps,        {.i = +1 } },
+	{ MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_equal,  setgaps,        {.i = 0  } },
 	TAGKEYS(                        XK_1,                      0)
 	TAGKEYS(                        XK_2,                      1)
 	TAGKEYS(                        XK_3,                      2)
@@ -94,6 +110,11 @@ static Key keys[] = {
 	TAGKEYS(                        XK_8,                      7)
 	TAGKEYS(                        XK_9,                      8)
 	{ MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_q,      quit,           {0} },
+	{ MODKEY,                       XK_e,      spawn,          {.v = emacscmd } },
+	{ 0,                            XF86XK_AudioLowerVolume, spawn, { .v = downvolcmd } },
+	{ 0,                            XF86XK_AudioRaiseVolume, spawn, { .v = upvolcmd } },
+	{ 0,                            XF86XK_AudioMute, spawn, { .v = mutevolcmd } }
+
 };
 
 /* button definitions */
diff --git a/config.mk b/config.mk
index 7084c33..21b5404 100644
--- a/config.mk
+++ b/config.mk
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ FREETYPEINC = /usr/include/freetype2
 
 # includes and libs
 INCS = -I${X11INC} -I${FREETYPEINC}
-LIBS = -L${X11LIB} -lX11 ${XINERAMALIBS} ${FREETYPELIBS}
+LIBS = -L${X11LIB} -lX11 ${XINERAMALIBS} ${FREETYPELIBS} -lXrender
 
 # flags
 CPPFLAGS = -D_DEFAULT_SOURCE -D_BSD_SOURCE -D_POSIX_C_SOURCE=200809L -DVERSION=\"${VERSION}\" ${XINERAMAFLAGS}
diff --git a/drw.c b/drw.c
index 4cdbcbe..fe3aadd 100644
--- a/drw.c
+++ b/drw.c
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ utf8decode(const char *c, long *u, size_t clen)
 }
 
 Drw *
-drw_create(Display *dpy, int screen, Window root, unsigned int w, unsigned int h)
+drw_create(Display *dpy, int screen, Window root, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, Visual *visual, unsigned int depth, Colormap cmap)
 {
 	Drw *drw = ecalloc(1, sizeof(Drw));
 
@@ -70,8 +70,11 @@ drw_create(Display *dpy, int screen, Window root, unsigned int w, unsigned int h
 	drw->root = root;
 	drw->w = w;
 	drw->h = h;
-	drw->drawable = XCreatePixmap(dpy, root, w, h, DefaultDepth(dpy, screen));
-	drw->gc = XCreateGC(dpy, root, 0, NULL);
+	drw->visual = visual;
+	drw->depth = depth;
+	drw->cmap = cmap;
+	drw->drawable = XCreatePixmap(dpy, root, w, h, depth);
+	drw->gc = XCreateGC(dpy, drw->drawable, 0, NULL);
 	XSetLineAttributes(dpy, drw->gc, 1, LineSolid, CapButt, JoinMiter);
 
 	return drw;
@@ -87,7 +90,7 @@ drw_resize(Drw *drw, unsigned int w, unsigned int h)
 	drw->h = h;
 	if (drw->drawable)
 		XFreePixmap(drw->dpy, drw->drawable);
-	drw->drawable = XCreatePixmap(drw->dpy, drw->root, w, h, DefaultDepth(drw->dpy, drw->screen));
+	drw->drawable = XCreatePixmap(drw->dpy, drw->root, w, h, drw->depth);
 }
 
 void
@@ -194,21 +197,22 @@ drw_fontset_free(Fnt *font)
 }
 
 void
-drw_clr_create(Drw *drw, Clr *dest, const char *clrname)
+drw_clr_create(Drw *drw, Clr *dest, const char *clrname, unsigned int alpha)
 {
 	if (!drw || !dest || !clrname)
 		return;
 
-	if (!XftColorAllocName(drw->dpy, DefaultVisual(drw->dpy, drw->screen),
-	                       DefaultColormap(drw->dpy, drw->screen),
+	if (!XftColorAllocName(drw->dpy, drw->visual, drw->cmap,
 	                       clrname, dest))
 		die("error, cannot allocate color '%s'", clrname);
+
+	dest->pixel = (dest->pixel & 0x00ffffffU) | (alpha << 24);
 }
 
 /* Wrapper to create color schemes. The caller has to call free(3) on the
  * returned color scheme when done using it. */
 Clr *
-drw_scm_create(Drw *drw, const char *clrnames[], size_t clrcount)
+drw_scm_create(Drw *drw, const char *clrnames[], const unsigned int alphas[], size_t clrcount)
 {
 	size_t i;
 	Clr *ret;
@@ -218,7 +222,7 @@ drw_scm_create(Drw *drw, const char *clrnames[], size_t clrcount)
 		return NULL;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < clrcount; i++)
-		drw_clr_create(drw, &ret[i], clrnames[i]);
+		drw_clr_create(drw, &ret[i], clrnames[i], alphas[i]);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -274,9 +278,7 @@ drw_text(Drw *drw, int x, int y, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, unsigned int lp
 	} else {
 		XSetForeground(drw->dpy, drw->gc, drw->scheme[invert ? ColFg : ColBg].pixel);
 		XFillRectangle(drw->dpy, drw->drawable, drw->gc, x, y, w, h);
-		d = XftDrawCreate(drw->dpy, drw->drawable,
-		                  DefaultVisual(drw->dpy, drw->screen),
-		                  DefaultColormap(drw->dpy, drw->screen));
+		d = XftDrawCreate(drw->dpy, drw->drawable, drw->visual, drw->cmap);
 		x += lpad;
 		w -= lpad;
 	}
diff --git a/drw.h b/drw.h
index 4bcd5ad..a56f523 100644
--- a/drw.h
+++ b/drw.h
@@ -20,6 +20,9 @@ typedef struct {
 	Display *dpy;
 	int screen;
 	Window root;
+	Visual *visual;
+	unsigned int depth;
+	Colormap cmap;
 	Drawable drawable;
 	GC gc;
 	Clr *scheme;
@@ -27,7 +30,7 @@ typedef struct {
 } Drw;
 
 /* Drawable abstraction */
-Drw *drw_create(Display *dpy, int screen, Window win, unsigned int w, unsigned int h);
+Drw *drw_create(Display *dpy, int screen, Window win, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, Visual *visual, unsigned int depth, Colormap cmap);
 void drw_resize(Drw *drw, unsigned int w, unsigned int h);
 void drw_free(Drw *drw);
 
@@ -38,8 +41,8 @@ unsigned int drw_fontset_getwidth(Drw *drw, const char *text);
 void drw_font_getexts(Fnt *font, const char *text, unsigned int len, unsigned int *w, unsigned int *h);
 
 /* Colorscheme abstraction */
-void drw_clr_create(Drw *drw, Clr *dest, const char *clrname);
-Clr *drw_scm_create(Drw *drw, const char *clrnames[], size_t clrcount);
+void drw_clr_create(Drw *drw, Clr *dest, const char *clrname, unsigned int alpha);
+Clr *drw_scm_create(Drw *drw, const char *clrnames[], const unsigned int alphas[], size_t clrcount);
 
 /* Cursor abstraction */
 Cur *drw_cur_create(Drw *drw, int shape);
diff --git a/dwm.1 b/dwm.1
index ddc8321..e20d0db 100644
--- a/dwm.1
+++ b/dwm.1
@@ -30,6 +30,14 @@ top left corner.  The tags which are applied to one or more windows are
 indicated with an empty square in the top left corner.
 .P
 dwm draws a small border around windows to indicate the focus state.
+.P
+On start, dwm can start additional programs that may be specified in two special
+shell scripts (see the FILES section below), autostart_blocking.sh and
+autostart.sh.  The former is executed first and dwm will wait for its
+termination before starting.  The latter is executed in the background before
+dwm enters its handler loop.
+.P
+Either of these files may be omitted.
 .SH OPTIONS
 .TP
 .B \-v
@@ -140,6 +148,16 @@ View all windows with any tag.
 .B Mod1\-Control\-[1..n]
 Add/remove all windows with nth tag to/from the view.
 .TP
+.B Mod1\--
+Decrease the gaps around windows.
+.TP
+.B Mod1\-=
+Increase the gaps around windows.
+.TP
+.B Mod1\-Shift-=
+Reset the gaps around windows to
+.BR 0 .
+.TP
 .B Mod1\-Shift\-q
 Quit dwm.
 .SS Mouse commands
@@ -152,6 +170,21 @@ Toggles focused window between floating and tiled state.
 .TP
 .B Mod1\-Button3
 Resize focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state.
+.SH FILES
+The files containing programs to be started along with dwm are searched for in
+the following directories:
+.IP "1. $XDG_DATA_HOME/dwm"
+.IP "2. $HOME/.local/share/dwm"
+.IP "3. $HOME/.dwm"
+.P
+The first existing directory is scanned for any of the autostart files below.
+.TP 15
+autostart.sh
+This file is started as a shell background process before dwm enters its handler
+loop.
+.TP 15
+autostart_blocking.sh
+This file is started before any autostart.sh; dwm waits for its termination.
 .SH CUSTOMIZATION
 dwm is customized by creating a custom config.h and (re)compiling the source
 code. This keeps it fast, secure and simple.
diff --git a/dwm.c b/dwm.c
index 664c527..e892aa7 100644
--- a/dwm.c
+++ b/dwm.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 #include <string.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
 #include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
 #include <sys/wait.h>
 #include <X11/cursorfont.h>
 #include <X11/keysym.h>
@@ -57,6 +58,8 @@
 #define TAGMASK                 ((1 << LENGTH(tags)) - 1)
 #define TEXTW(X)                (drw_fontset_getwidth(drw, (X)) + lrpad)
 
+#define OPAQUE                  0xffU
+
 /* enums */
 enum { CurNormal, CurResize, CurMove, CurLast }; /* cursor */
 enum { SchemeNorm, SchemeSel }; /* color schemes */
@@ -119,6 +122,7 @@ struct Monitor {
 	int by;               /* bar geometry */
 	int mx, my, mw, mh;   /* screen size */
 	int wx, wy, ww, wh;   /* window area  */
+	int gappx;            /* gaps between windows */
 	unsigned int seltags;
 	unsigned int sellt;
 	unsigned int tagset[2];
@@ -194,12 +198,14 @@ static void resizeclient(Client *c, int x, int y, int w, int h);
 static void resizemouse(const Arg *arg);
 static void restack(Monitor *m);
 static void run(void);
+static void runautostart(void);
 static void scan(void);
 static int sendevent(Client *c, Atom proto);
 static void sendmon(Client *c, Monitor *m);
 static void setclientstate(Client *c, long state);
 static void setfocus(Client *c);
 static void setfullscreen(Client *c, int fullscreen);
+static void setgaps(const Arg *arg);
 static void setlayout(const Arg *arg);
 static void setmfact(const Arg *arg);
 static void setup(void);
@@ -233,10 +239,15 @@ static Monitor *wintomon(Window w);
 static int xerror(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee);
 static int xerrordummy(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee);
 static int xerrorstart(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee);
+static void xinitvisual();
 static void zoom(const Arg *arg);
 
 /* variables */
+static const char autostartblocksh[] = "autostart_blocking.sh";
+static const char autostartsh[] = "autostart.sh";
 static const char broken[] = "broken";
+static const char dwmdir[] = "dwm";
+static const char localshare[] = ".local/share";
 static char stext[256];
 static int screen;
 static int sw, sh;           /* X display screen geometry width, height */
@@ -269,6 +280,11 @@ static Drw *drw;
 static Monitor *mons, *selmon;
 static Window root, wmcheckwin;
 
+static int useargb = 0;
+static Visual *visual;
+static int depth;
+static Colormap cmap;
+
 /* configuration, allows nested code to access above variables */
 #include "config.h"
 
@@ -639,6 +655,7 @@ createmon(void)
 	m->nmaster = nmaster;
 	m->showbar = showbar;
 	m->topbar = topbar;
+	m->gappx = gappx;
 	m->lt[0] = &layouts[0];
 	m->lt[1] = &layouts[1 % LENGTH(layouts)];
 	strncpy(m->ltsymbol, layouts[0].symbol, sizeof m->ltsymbol);
@@ -1381,6 +1398,83 @@ run(void)
 			handler[ev.type](&ev); /* call handler */
 }
 
+void
+runautostart(void)
+{
+	char *pathpfx;
+	char *path;
+	char *xdgdatahome;
+	char *home;
+	struct stat sb;
+
+	if ((home = getenv("HOME")) == NULL)
+		/* this is almost impossible */
+		return;
+
+	/* if $XDG_DATA_HOME is set and not empty, use $XDG_DATA_HOME/dwm,
+	 * otherwise use ~/.local/share/dwm as autostart script directory
+	 */
+	xdgdatahome = getenv("XDG_DATA_HOME");
+	if (xdgdatahome != NULL && *xdgdatahome != '\0') {
+		/* space for path segments, separators and nul */
+		pathpfx = ecalloc(1, strlen(xdgdatahome) + strlen(dwmdir) + 2);
+
+		if (sprintf(pathpfx, "%s/%s", xdgdatahome, dwmdir) <= 0) {
+			free(pathpfx);
+			return;
+		}
+	} else {
+		/* space for path segments, separators and nul */
+		pathpfx = ecalloc(1, strlen(home) + strlen(localshare)
+		                     + strlen(dwmdir) + 3);
+
+		if (sprintf(pathpfx, "%s/%s/%s", home, localshare, dwmdir) < 0) {
+			free(pathpfx);
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* check if the autostart script directory exists */
+	if (! (stat(pathpfx, &sb) == 0 && S_ISDIR(sb.st_mode))) {
+		/* the XDG conformant path does not exist or is no directory
+		 * so we try ~/.dwm instead
+		 */
+		char *pathpfx_new = realloc(pathpfx, strlen(home) + strlen(dwmdir) + 3);
+		if(pathpfx_new == NULL) {
+			free(pathpfx);
+			return;
+		}
+   pathpfx = pathpfx_new;
+
+		if (sprintf(pathpfx, "%s/.%s", home, dwmdir) <= 0) {
+			free(pathpfx);
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* try the blocking script first */
+	path = ecalloc(1, strlen(pathpfx) + strlen(autostartblocksh) + 2);
+	if (sprintf(path, "%s/%s", pathpfx, autostartblocksh) <= 0) {
+		free(path);
+		free(pathpfx);
+	}
+
+	if (access(path, X_OK) == 0)
+		system(path);
+
+	/* now the non-blocking script */
+	if (sprintf(path, "%s/%s", pathpfx, autostartsh) <= 0) {
+		free(path);
+		free(pathpfx);
+	}
+
+	if (access(path, X_OK) == 0)
+		system(strcat(path, " &"));
+
+	free(pathpfx);
+	free(path);
+}
+
 void
 scan(void)
 {
@@ -1498,6 +1592,16 @@ setfullscreen(Client *c, int fullscreen)
 	}
 }
 
+void
+setgaps(const Arg *arg)
+{
+	if ((arg->i == 0) || (selmon->gappx + arg->i < 0))
+		selmon->gappx = 0;
+	else
+		selmon->gappx += arg->i;
+	arrange(selmon);
+}
+
 void
 setlayout(const Arg *arg)
 {
@@ -1542,7 +1646,8 @@ setup(void)
 	sw = DisplayWidth(dpy, screen);
 	sh = DisplayHeight(dpy, screen);
 	root = RootWindow(dpy, screen);
-	drw = drw_create(dpy, screen, root, sw, sh);
+	xinitvisual();
+	drw = drw_create(dpy, screen, root, sw, sh, visual, depth, cmap);
 	if (!drw_fontset_create(drw, fonts, LENGTH(fonts)))
 		die("no fonts could be loaded.");
 	lrpad = drw->fonts->h;
@@ -1570,7 +1675,7 @@ setup(void)
 	/* init appearance */
 	scheme = ecalloc(LENGTH(colors), sizeof(Clr *));
 	for (i = 0; i < LENGTH(colors); i++)
-		scheme[i] = drw_scm_create(drw, colors[i], 3);
+		scheme[i] = drw_scm_create(drw, colors[i], alphas[i], 3);
 	/* init bars */
 	updatebars();
 	updatestatus();
@@ -1684,18 +1789,18 @@ tile(Monitor *m)
 	if (n > m->nmaster)
 		mw = m->nmaster ? m->ww * m->mfact : 0;
 	else
-		mw = m->ww;
-	for (i = my = ty = 0, c = nexttiled(m->clients); c; c = nexttiled(c->next), i++)
+		mw = m->ww - m->gappx;
+	for (i = 0, my = ty = m->gappx, c = nexttiled(m->clients); c; c = nexttiled(c->next), i++)
 		if (i < m->nmaster) {
-			h = (m->wh - my) / (MIN(n, m->nmaster) - i);
-			resize(c, m->wx, m->wy + my, mw - (2*c->bw), h - (2*c->bw), 0);
-			if (my + HEIGHT(c) < m->wh)
-				my += HEIGHT(c);
+			h = (m->wh - my) / (MIN(n, m->nmaster) - i) - m->gappx;
+			resize(c, m->wx + m->gappx, m->wy + my, mw - (2*c->bw) - m->gappx, h - (2*c->bw), 0);
+			if (my + HEIGHT(c) + m->gappx < m->wh)
+				my += HEIGHT(c) + m->gappx;
 		} else {
-			h = (m->wh - ty) / (n - i);
-			resize(c, m->wx + mw, m->wy + ty, m->ww - mw - (2*c->bw), h - (2*c->bw), 0);
-			if (ty + HEIGHT(c) < m->wh)
-				ty += HEIGHT(c);
+			h = (m->wh - ty) / (n - i) - m->gappx;
+			resize(c, m->wx + mw + m->gappx, m->wy + ty, m->ww - mw - (2*c->bw) - 2*m->gappx, h - (2*c->bw), 0);
+			if (ty + HEIGHT(c) + m->gappx < m->wh)
+				ty += HEIGHT(c) + m->gappx;
 		}
 }
 
@@ -1807,16 +1912,18 @@ updatebars(void)
 	Monitor *m;
 	XSetWindowAttributes wa = {
 		.override_redirect = True,
-		.background_pixmap = ParentRelative,
+		.background_pixel = 0,
+		.border_pixel = 0,
+		.colormap = cmap,
 		.event_mask = ButtonPressMask|ExposureMask
 	};
 	XClassHint ch = {"dwm", "dwm"};
 	for (m = mons; m; m = m->next) {
 		if (m->barwin)
 			continue;
-		m->barwin = XCreateWindow(dpy, root, m->wx, m->by, m->ww, bh, 0, DefaultDepth(dpy, screen),
-				CopyFromParent, DefaultVisual(dpy, screen),
-				CWOverrideRedirect|CWBackPixmap|CWEventMask, &wa);
+		m->barwin = XCreateWindow(dpy, root, m->wx, m->by, m->ww, bh, 0, depth,
+		                          InputOutput, visual,
+		                          CWOverrideRedirect|CWBackPixel|CWBorderPixel|CWColormap|CWEventMask, &wa);
 		XDefineCursor(dpy, m->barwin, cursor[CurNormal]->cursor);
 		XMapRaised(dpy, m->barwin);
 		XSetClassHint(dpy, m->barwin, &ch);
@@ -2113,6 +2220,43 @@ xerrorstart(Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *ee)
 	return -1;
 }
 
+void
+xinitvisual()
+{
+	XVisualInfo *infos;
+	XRenderPictFormat *fmt;
+	int nitems;
+	int i;
+
+	XVisualInfo tpl = {
+		.screen = screen,
+		.depth = 32,
+		.class = TrueColor
+	};
+	long masks = VisualScreenMask | VisualDepthMask | VisualClassMask;
+
+	infos = XGetVisualInfo(dpy, masks, &tpl, &nitems);
+	visual = NULL;
+	for(i = 0; i < nitems; i ++) {
+		fmt = XRenderFindVisualFormat(dpy, infos[i].visual);
+		if (fmt->type == PictTypeDirect && fmt->direct.alphaMask) {
+			visual = infos[i].visual;
+			depth = infos[i].depth;
+			cmap = XCreateColormap(dpy, root, visual, AllocNone);
+			useargb = 1;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	XFree(infos);
+
+	if (! visual) {
+		visual = DefaultVisual(dpy, screen);
+		depth = DefaultDepth(dpy, screen);
+		cmap = DefaultColormap(dpy, screen);
+	}
+}
+
 void
 zoom(const Arg *arg)
 {
@@ -2145,6 +2289,7 @@ main(int argc, char *argv[])
 		die("pledge");
 #endif /* __OpenBSD__ */
 	scan();
+	runautostart();
 	run();
 	cleanup();
 	XCloseDisplay(dpy);
-- 
2.28.0